Cougar Wikipedia Orimattila
The cougar Puma concoloralso commonly known as the mountain lionpumapantheror catamountis a large felid of the subfamily Felinae native to the Americas. Its rangefrom the Canadian Yukon to the southern Andes of South America, is the greatest of any large wild terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere. It is the second-heaviest cat in the New Worldafter the jaguar.
Secretive and largely solitary by nature, the cougar is properly considered both nocturnal and crepuscularalthough there are daytime sightings. The cougar is an ambush predator and pursues a wide variety of prey. Primary food sources are ungulatesparticularly deercougar wikipedia orimattila also livestock. It also hunts species as cougar wikipedia orimattila as insects and rodents.
This cat prefers habitats with dense underbrush and rocky areas for stalking, but can also live in open areas. The cougar is territorial and survives at low population densities. Individual territory sizes depend on terrain, vegetation, and abundance of prey. While large, it is not always the apex predator in its range, yielding wikipecia the jaguar, wikipediaa wolfAmerican black bearorimattial grizzly bear. It is reclusive and mostly avoids people.
Fatal attacks on humans are rare, but have recently been increasing in North America as more people enter their territories. Intensive hunting following European colonization of the Americas and the ongoing human development of cougar habitat has caused populations to drop in most parts of its historical range. In particular, the cougar was extirpated in eastern North America in cougar wikipedia orimattila beginning of the 20th century, except for an isolated Florida panther cougar wikipedia orimattila.
Transient males have been verified in Minnesota,  Missouri Wkkipedia Iowa,   Michigan, and Illinois, where a cougar was shot in the city limits of Chicago    and, in at least one instance, observed as far east wikipedix coastal Connecticut. With cougar wikipedia orimattila vast range across the length of the Americas, P. Currently, it is referred orimatgila as "puma" by most scientists  and by the populations in 21 of the 23 countries in cougar wikipedia orimattila Americas.
Lexicographers regard painter as a primarily upper-Southern US regional variant on panther. In the 17th century, German naturalist Georg Marcgrave named the cat the cuguacu ara. Marcgrave's rendering was reproduced by his associate, Dutch naturalist Willem Pisoin ara was then adopted by English naturalist John Ray in The first English record of "puma" cougar wikipedia orimattila inwhere it had come from the Spanish, who in turn borrowed it from the Peruvian Quechua language in the 16th century, where it means "powerful".
Cougars are the largest of the small cats. They are placed in the subfamily Felinaealthough their bulk characteristics are similar to those of the big cats in the subfamily Pantherinae. Taxonomic research on felids remains partial, and much of what is known about their evolutionary history is based on free nz christian dating liperi DNA analysis,  as cats are poorly represented in the fossil record and significant confidence intervals exist with suggested dates.
In the latest genomic study of the Felidae, the common ancestor of today's LeopardusLynxPumaPrionailurusand Felis lineages migrated across the Bering land bridge into the Americas 8. The lineages subsequently diverged in that order. Linnaeus placed the cougar in Felis Felis concolorthe genus which includes the domestic cat. The cheetah lineage is suggested by some studies to have diverged from the Puma lineage in the Americas see American cheetah and migrated back to Asia and Africa, cougar wikipedia orimattila  while other research suggests the cheetah diverged in the Old World itself.
A high level of genetic similarity has been found among North American cougar populations, suggesting they are all fairly recent descendants of a small ancestral group. North America was then repopulated by a group of South American cougars. Until the late s, as many as 32 subspecies were recorded; genetic study of mitochondrial DNA  found many of these are too similar to be recognized as distinct at a molecular level. The status of the Florida panther remains uncertain. It is still regularly listed as subspecies P.
Cougars are slender and agile members of Felidae. The head of the cat is round and the ears are erect. Its powerful forequarters, neck, and jaw serve to grasp and hold large prey. It has five retractable claws on its forepaws one a dewclaw and cugar on its hind paws. The larger front feet and claws are adaptations to clutching prey. Cougars can be almost as large as jaguarsbut are less cougar wikipedia orimattila and not as powerfully built; where their ranges overlap, the cougar tends to be smaller on average.
The cougar is on average larger than all felids apart from lions, tigers, and jaguars. Despite its size, it is not typically classified among the wiipedia big cats ", as it cannot roar, lacking the specialized larynx and hyoid apparatus of Panthera. They are well known for their screams, as referenced in some of their common names, although these screams are often misinterpreted to be the calls of other animals or humans. Cougar coloring is plain hence the Latin concolor orimwttila can vary greatly between individuals and even between siblings.
The coat is typically tawny, but ranges to silvery-grey or reddish, with lighter patches on the underbody, including the jaws, chin, and throat. Infants are spotted and born with blue eyes and rings on their tails;  juveniles are pale, and dark spots remain on their flanks. Cougars have large paws and proportionally the largest hind legs in Felidae. Wikipeida is adept at climbing, which allows it to evade canine competitors.
Although it is not strongly associated with cougar wikipedia orimattila, it can swim. Like all cats, it is an obligate carnivoremeaning it needs to feed exclusively on meat to survive. The mean weight of vertebrate prey MWVP that pumas attack increases with the puma's body weight; in general, MWVP is lower in areas closer to the equator. Other species such as the bighorn and Dall's sheephorsefallow deercariboumountain goatcoyotepronghornand domestic livestock such as cattle and sheep are also primary food bases in many areas.